Low Access to Nutritious Food

Access to nutritious food is one of the fundamental rights of every  Indonesian. Nutritious food is an essential factor in Indonesia’s  economic development. Nutritious food can help improve people’s  productivity and health, two critical components of economic growth.

Nutritious food can increase the work productivity of the Indonesian  people. Nutritious food can provide the nutrients needed to increase  energy and concentration. It can help improve work productivity,  increase income and create jobs.

In addition, nutritious food can also help improve the health of the  Indonesian people. Healthy food contains the nutrients needed to  maintain a healthy body and reduce disease risk. It will reduce health  costs incurred to treat disease, help improve people’s welfare and  increase productivity.

Using data from the March 2021 Susenas, IDEAS can construct subjective  and objective indicators of nutritional adequacy. Subjectively, this  indicator was obtained from Susenas respondents’ acknowledgment of  whether the household could eat healthy and nutritious food over the  past year. As a result, it was found that there were 23.4 million  Indonesians, or the equivalent of 8.62 percent of the population, who  could not afford to eat healthy and nutritious food.

Objectively, IDEAS uses the indicators of nutritional adequacy figures  stipulated in the Regulation of the Minister of Health No. 28 of 2019  concerning the recommended nutritional adequacy rate for Indonesian  people. Using this determination, we find a reality that is far from  predictable. Objectively, 205.1 million people, or 75.7 percent of  Indonesia’s population, have not yet met this nutritional adequacy rate.

If examined further at the regency and city level, there are only a few  regions and cities whose community recognition exceeds reality. It also  shows the low literacy of the community regarding nutritious food. Many  think they have eaten nutritious food, but their meals have not met the  recommended nutritional adequacy rate.

The gap between reality and recognition is quite broad. For example, in  Dogiyai Regency, only 7.34 percent of the population admit that they  cannot afford to eat healthy and nutritious food. However, the