Rice and Farmer Food Security

In Indonesia, where rice is a staple food, rice is consumed widely and is  one of the most essential household expenditures. There is a strong  tendency that the lower the household’s economic class, the more  significant the proportion of their expenditure on rice. Apart from  households, demand for rice also comes from the food processing  industry, hotels, and restaurants.

As a basic need whose fulfillment cannot be delayed, adequate food at  any time with easy access for all levels of society is crucial for the success  of development. With its status as a staple food and the primary source of  the calorie needs of the population, rice has always been one of the most  strategic commodities for economic, social, and political stability.

As a staple food, rice cultivation has become a culture firmly attached to  many rural communities, and paddy rice farming has become a  hereditary occupation for many farmers. For farmers, the results of rice  cultivation are used to meet family consumption and, at the same time,  for income by selling their produce to the market. Thus, the productivity  and sustainability of lowland rice farming are essential for farmers’  income but also crucial for the food security of their families.